General Rundown 2016

Topic Lectures


Lecture I: KEY NOTE LECTURE: Water, Food, and Energy Nexus

Water, energy and food are inextricably linked. Water is an input for producing agricultural goods in the fields and along the entire agro-food supply chain. Energy is required to produce and distribute water and food: to pump water from groundwater or surface water sources, to power tractors and irrigation machinery, and to process and transport agricultural goods. Agriculture is currently the largest user of water at the global level, accounting for 70% of total withdrawal. The food production and supply chain accounts for about 30% of total global energy consumption.

There are many synergies and trade-offs between water and energy use and food production. Using water to irrigate crops might promote food production but it can also reduce river flows and hydropower potential. Growing bioenergy crops under irrigated agriculture can increase overall water withdrawals and jeopardize food security. Converting surface irrigation into high efficiency pressurized irrigation may save water but may also result in higher energy use. Recognizing these synergies and balancing these trade-offs is central to jointly ensuring water, energy and food security.

This session is aimed to increase awareness of participants that it is improper to manage food, energy and water problems within sectoral boundaries. It must open understanding of participants that fragmented sectoral responsibilities, lack of coordination, and inconsistencies between laws and regulatory frameworks may lead to misaligned incentives. It will elaborate that if water, energy and food security are to be simultaneously achieved, decision-makers, including those responsible for only a single sector, need to consider broader influences and cross-sectoral impacts. A nexus approach to sectoral management, through enhanced dialogue, collaboration and coordination, is needed to ensure that co-benefits and trade-offs are considered and that appropriate safeguards are put in place.


Lecture II: Motivating Sustainable Consumption or Climate Change and Human Behavior in a Production Process: Supporting Water, Food and Energy Security.

Consumer behaviour is key to the impact that society has on the environment. The actions that people take and choices they make – to consume certain products and services or to live in certain ways rather than others – all have direct and indirect impacts on the environment, as well as on personal (and collective) well-being. This is why the topic of ‘sustainable consumption’ has become a central focus for national and international policy.
Why do we consume in the ways that we do? What factors shape and constrain our choices and actions? Why (and when) do people behave in pro-environmental or prosocial ways? And how can we encourage, motivate and facilitate more sustainable attitudes, behaviours and lifestyles? Motivating Sustainable Consumption sets out to address these questions. It reviews the literature on consumer behaviour and behavioural change. It discusses the evidence base for different models of change. It also highlights the dilemmas and opportunities that policy-makers face in addressing unsustainable consumption patterns and encouraging more sustainable lifestyles.

This session aims to discuss the changing behaviours – and in particular motivating more sustainable behaviours – is far from straightforward. Individual behaviours are deeply embedded in social and institutional contexts. Policy intervenes continually in consumer behaviour both directly (e.g.through regulation and taxes) and more importantly through its extensive influence over the social context within which people act. This insight offers a far more creative vista for policy innovation than has hitherto been recognised. A concerted strategy is needed to make it easy to behave more sustainably: ensuring that incentive structures and institutional rules favour sustainable behaviour, enabling access to pro-environmental choice, engaging people in initiatives to help themselves, and exemplifying the desired changes within Government’s own policies and practices.


Lecture III: Climate Change and Sustainable Development

There is a dual relationship between sustainable development and climate change. On the one hand, climate change influences key natural and human living conditions and thereby also the basis for social and economic development, while on the other hand, society’s priorities on sustainable development influence both the green house gas emissions that are causing climate change and the vulnerability. Climate policies can be more effective when consistently embedded within broader strategies designed to make national and regional development paths more sustainable. This occurs because the impact of climate variability and change, climate policy responses, and associated socio-economic development will affect the ability of countries to achieve sustainable development goals. Conversely, the pursuit of those goals will in turn affect the opportunities for, and success of, climate policies. This session will discuss on how global policies could equalize the interest of national and regional economic, industrial, agriculture developments and the interest of sustainable environment, by controlling climate change.


Lecture IV: Water Supply: Supporting production process of food and renewable energy

Reliable quantity and quality of water to support food production and energy has become the concern of many countries. Water diversity in both space and time has emphasized how water resources management must be well formulated in order to ensure efficient water use to support food and optimum renewable energy productions. To do so, balancing water supply and demand is very important before distribution. In this case, reservoir is a solution how water can be regulated to meet those demands especially in dry season. By optimizing the reservoir management, the decision makers are greatly helped in dealing conflicts among water users. However, water supply problem is not only about reservoir. In many places, it was found that many populations still do not have access to clean water. Issues such as aged infrastructures, leakage, no metering, et cetera have led the problem even more difficult to deal with. This session is aimed to describe how reservoir should be managed to ensure sustainable supply to support food and energy security, and what challenges must be taken into account to enhance reliable water distribution.


Lecture V: Ethical Consideration: Striving for A Better Future

Sustainability is commonly understood to require the balanced pursuit of three goods: ecological health, social equity, and economic welfare. It is grounded on the ethical commitment to the well-being not only of contemporary populations but also the wellbeing and enhanced opportunities of future generations. The scientific and technical professions have a special responsibility in this regard because the knowledge and technologies they develop and employ have immense impacts on natural environments, economies, and the empowerment of citizens and societies. Moreover, their efforts and achievements can continue to produce effects, for good or ill, well into the future. In articulating the challenge of pursuing both intergenerational and intragenerational benefits for environments, societies and economies, this session grounds practical decision making in ethical concepts and values. Through exposure to a wide variety of concrete examples, case studies, moral debates, and exercises, readers will gain a nuanced understanding of the ethics of sustainability and develop a set of practical decision skills that may be employed in its pursuit. The session engages a broad range of applications such as nuclear and solar energy systems, biotechnology and genetic engineering, materials extraction, etc. It will discuss how individual decisions, either from a scientist or a governmental officer or a parliament member or a consumer must involve ethical consideration, in order to achieve a sustainable development and to strive a better future for our next generations.



 

Workshop

Workshop 1: Community Based Sustainable Lifestyle: Challenges and Opportunity

A lot of people in many countries in the world do not have sufficient concern or interest or resources or knowledges to live in a sustainable way. It has been discovered that in many developing countries, government intervention to change the condition in the community sometimes does not answer the problem, because such an intervention does not always suitable to the recent needs of the community. It makes many stakeholders, governmental or non-governmental institutions, try to change that attitude by providing training and education for upgrading awareness of the community and to improve their capacity to live in a sustainable way. This workshop will encourage participants to think about proper trainings and educations to change the attitude and to improve the capacity of a community to develop in sustainable way, based on their needs and values. Therefore, it will be important to understand the method to assist a community especially in developing countries, in order to make the community being motivated to have a sustainable development and lifestyle.


Workshop

Workshop 2: Providing good infrastructure to support Water, Food and Energy Nexus (lesson learned: Subak System)

It is becoming a universal phenomenon that infrastructure is very important to support water, food and energy security. One of the most important infrastructure is irrigation system to distribute water to the community. Since amount of the water in community is quite limited, it is very important to manage water resources and water supply wisely. In Bali, there is a very famous local water management system for paddy fields, so called Subak, which was developed in the 9th century. For the Balinese, irrigation is not simply providing water for the plant’s roots, but water is used to construct a complex, pulsed artificial ecosystem.[1] The system consists of five terraced rice fields and water temples covering nearly 20,000 hectares (49,000 acres). The temples are the main focus of this cooperative water management, known as subak. This workshop will explore the application of subak system in Indonesian agriculture, and it will show how application of traditional water management system has supported food and water securities.


Workshop

Workshop 3: Food Security: consumption and lifestyle

Food security is a condition related to the sufficient supply of food, and individuals’ access to it. At the 1974 World Food Conference the term “food security” was defined with an emphasis on supply. Food security, they said, is the “availability at all times of adequate world food supplies of basic foodstuffs to sustain a steady expansion of food consumption and to offset fluctuations in production and prices”. The final report of the 1996 World Food Summit states that food security “exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life”. Recently concerns over food security have more intensively discussed since the supply and diversity of the food is getting lesser and the food is unequally distributed and accessed by all community members. This workshop will discuss several efforts that can be done to promote more corps diversity to be planted and to be consumed, wiser lifestyle on food consumption and management, to limit the leftover food and to provide wider access to food for the poor and people in the need of food.



Agenda and Schedule of the Program


Day 1 – Wednesday, 18 January 2017

10.30-12.00 Open table for registration and check in
12.00-13.00 Open table for registration and check in
12.00-13.00 Open table for registration and check in
13.00-14.30 Open table for registration and check in
14.30-15.00 Open table for registration and check in
15.00-16.30 Open table for registration and check in
16.30-18.00 Open table for registration and check in
18.00-24.00 Opening Ceremony (all participants must attend) followed by introduction of the committee members, a short briefing about the programs, dinner is provided

Day 2 – Thursday, 19 January 2016

 

08.00-08.30 Daily registration
08.30 – 10.00 Lecture I
10.00-10.30 Coffee break (provided)
10.30-12.00 Lecture II
12.00-13.00 Lunch (Provided)
13.00-14.30 Briefing Group Division, Group Task and Group members distribution
14.30-15.00 Introduction of Unpar Students’ Activity (by the Committee)
15.00-16.30

Getting close to your group members

Group assignment: Observation to places around the hotel

(Target: Find the problems, making the concept of the movie)

16.30-18.00 Group Assignment (Cont)
18.00-24.00 Free time or group assignment

Day 3 – Friday, 20 January 2016

 

20 January
08.00-08.30 Daily registration
08.30 – 10.00 Lecture III
10.00-10.30 Coffee break (provided)
10.30-12.00 Lecture IV
12.00-13.00 Lunch (provided)
13.00-14.30

Report of the previous observation:

What is the challenge? Do you need something?

14.30-15.00 Coffee break
15.00-16.30

Parallel cultural activities:

  • Learning Balinese Dancing

  • Learning Balinese Gamelan

  • Learning Balinese wood crafting

16.30-18.00

Group Assignment (Cont) :

Target: discussing the scenario.

18.00-24.00 Free time or group assignment

Day 4 – Saturday, 21 January 2016

 

08.00-08.30 Daily registration
08.30 – 10.00 Lecture V
10.00-10.30 Coffee break (provided)
10.30-12.00 3 parallel Workshops
12.00-13.00 Lunch (provided)
13.00-14.30 Visit a Family Temple in Kuta
14.30-15.00
  • Coffee break

15.00-16.30

Parallel cultural activities:

  • Learning Balinese Dancing

  • Learning Balinese Gamelan

  • Learning Balinese wood crafting

16.30-18.00 Group Assignment (Cont): drafting the script
18.00-24.00 Free time, finishing the group assignment

Day 6 – Sunday, 22 January 2016

 

08.00-08.30 Daily Registration
08.30 – 10.00 3 Parallel Workshops
10.00-10.30 Coffee break (provided)
10.30-12.00 3 Parallel Workshops
12.00-13.00 Lunch
13.00-14.30 Visit Garuda Wisnu Kencana
14.30-15.00 Visit Garuda Wisnu Kencana
15.00-16.30 Visit Garuda Wisnu Kencana
16.30-18.00 Visit Garuda Wisnu Kencana
18.00-24.00

17.30: Get back to the hotel.

Free program – working with your group -shooting time


* May subject to change